Felony Offenses in the Texas Penal Code

Austin Criminal Lawyer

Federal Defense Attorney

Texas Penal Code, Section 32.47 - Fraudulent Destruction, Removal, or Concealment of Writing


        (a)  A person commits an offense if, with intent to defraud or harm another, he destroys, removes, conceals, alters, substitutes, or otherwise impairs the verity, legibility, or availability of a writing, other than a governmental record.
        (b)  For purposes of this section, "writing" includes:
                (1)  printing or any other method of recording information;
                (2)  money, coins, tokens, stamps, seals, credit cards, badges, trademarks;
                (3)  symbols of value, right, privilege, or identification;  and
                (4)  universal product codes, labels, price tags, or markings on goods.
        (c)  Except as provided in Subsection (d), an offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.
        (d)  An offense under this section is a state jail felony if the writing:
                (1)  is a will or codicil of another, whether or not the maker is alive or dead and whether or not it has been admitted to probate;  or
                (2)  is a deed, mortgage, deed of trust, security instrument, security agreement, or other writing for which the law provides public recording or filing, whether or not the writing has been acknowledged.

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